Arc de Triomphe is the arch-shaped monument of victory in Paris that stands in the central area of the Place Charles de Gaulle, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. The building was constructed on the orders of Napoleon Bonaparte with the intention to honor his royal army.
Arc de Triomphe is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, which became the background of the urban ensemble in Paris. Located on Chaillot hill, right in the middle of the road junction configuration with five star shaped.
The construction of this monument has been planned since 1806 by Napoleon after his victory at the Battle of Austerlitz. The process of completion of construction for the basic foundation of the monument takes over two years of work, and when Napoleon entered Paris from the west along Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria in 1810, he has been able to see this monument is formed from wood construction.
The architect of this monument, Jean Chalgrin died in 1811. Work on the construction of the monument was followed by Jean-Nicolas Huyot. During the period of restoration of the Bourbons in France, the construction of this monument was suspended and not continued at all until the reign of King Louis-Philippe in the year 1833-1836.
Napoleon’s body was never carried past this monument on December 15, 1840 on the way to be buried at the Invalides. A tomb of the unknown soldier mounted under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris to commemorate the victims of World War I on January 28, 1921.