Buckingham Palace is the official residence and principal workplace for members of the British royal. A palace located in the City of Westminster is also commonly used for state occasions. Buckingham Palace is one of the most iconic buildings in the UK. Buckingham Palace, which was formerly known as Buckingham House was built in 1705, was originally a private residence belonging to the Duke of Buckingham. This place was later acquired by George III in 1761, and then he used as a residence for his wife that Queen Charlotte. At that time, the place known as “The Queen’s House”. Entering the 19th century, the palace is a lot of undergoing expansion and renovation, the architect was John Nash.
The facade of the building is designed in the style of French Neoclassical style, but the renovation costs tos well, resulting in the termination of John Nash as the architect of the building. Buckingham Palace finally officially became a British Royal Palace in 1837 during the inauguration of Queen Victoria. After officially became a royal residence, Buckingham Palace back has undergone renovation and construction in some parts. Architects in doing this renovation are Edward Blore, she organized the expansion of the wings. One part of the palace was built and became an important part of this palace is part of the balcony; that’s where the royal family usually gets together and welcoming crowd of people outside.
At that time, also built a ballroom in the wings, designed by Sir James Pennethorne, disciple of John Nash. Buckingham Palace has 19 guest rooms are spacious and beautifully equipped by wealth and royal objects. The main rooms of the castle are located on the “piano nobile” (main floor) located behind the west facade. In the middle of this section there is a music room, which is spacious with a roof in an arc with a wide variety of magnificent interior designs. Music Room is flanked by the Blue Drawing Room and the White Drawing Room at both sides. In the middle of the room there is a door on to the corridor that also serves as a Picture Gallery.
On the walls along the corridor Picture Gallery is plugged many of the paintings are the work of famous painters. Some of the paintings contained in this Gallery include paintings by Rembrandt, Van Dyck, Rubens, Poussin and Vermeer. Picture Gallery end of the corridor will lead Throne Room and the Green Drawing Room. Green Drawing Room also serves as a large foyer that became the ceremonial of the Guard Room at the Grand Staircase to the Throne Room. In the Guard Room there is a statue of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in Roman costume made of white marble. In the east wing there is a room with a strong oriental nuances. The room was “Chinese Luncheon Room”. In the central part of the east wing is the famous balcony room, where the royal family to show themselves to the people.
The most spacious rooms of Buckingham Palace are none other than the palace ballroom. Ballroom in the palace has a length of 36.6 meters and a width of 18 meters with a height of 13.5 meters. The room is used for a variety of inauguration events, such as a degree conferment ceremony or noble knights with swords. In this room there is a podium throne is a place for the Queen during the event. In addition, the Ballroom is also commonly used for banquet events. At the time of the banquet event, the invited guests should wear formal dress, for men should wear black tie or white according to the event, while the women wear a tiara or decoration in her hair.
One other important and iconic part of Buckingham Palace is a monument located in the middle of the park in front of Buckingham Palace. The monument is The Victoria Memorial by architect Sir Aston Webb, dedicated to Queen Victoria. The monument is made of white marble stone was adorned by a bronze statue at its peak. The statue is the work of Sir Thomas Brock in 1911, the demand of the two grandchildren of Queen Victoria is George V and Wilhelm II of Germany. At the rear of the palace, there is an extensive park along the lake. This park is the largest private garden in London.
The park is also often used as a place to hold a celebration of important events or big day. In the 40 hectares of the park there is also a lake, helipad and a tennis court. Not far from the palace there is also the Royal Mews, a place to put the royal horse-drawn carriages, including The Golden State Coach. Gold inlay wagon pulled by 8 horses are used for formal occasions such as Royal Weddings. Buckingham Palace is one of the most magnificent palaces in the world, and is the most iconic buildings in the UK. Visiting UK is not complete without visiting Buckingham Palace. To visit Buckingham Palace, charged at £ 18.00 for adults, £ 16:50 to students, and £ 10.25 for those still aged under 17 years. As for children under 5 years old are not charged.