In 2012, citizens of the world were shocked by the Mayan prophecy about the coming of the apocalypse on December 21, 2012. Who were the Mayans? Based on Wikipedia, the Maya were a group of tribes living on the Yucatan peninsula, Central America, bordering the Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
In the stone age, the Mayans believed to reach its former glory. The tribal nation to master the technology of the period 250 AD to 925 AD. And also capable of producing works and unique civilization such as Chichen Itza pyramid building.
The Chichen Itza pyramid building, which became one of the locations that was filled with tourists, so the issue of the end will arrive. Chichen Itza was predicted to be built in 800 BC century. Kukulcan pyramid in the complex of historic sites is believed to be the center of political and economic activities of the Mayan civilization, located in the Yucatan Peninsula (now Mexican territory). Itza is the central point of a complex of other buildings such as the Pyramid of Kukulcan, Temple of Chac Mool, and the Thousand Pillar buildings.
One Mayan archaeological remains of the most complete and well preserved are the pyramids of Chichen Itza. Sites in Mexico’s Maya civilization, on July 7, 2007, was chosen as one of the seven wonders of the world. At Chichen Itza pyramid, there are two cenotes (natural wells) were used as a place to put offerings. That said, the Mayans who inhabited the city offered jade, ceramics, and even human beings to be included in the well.
The offerings were given when drought hit. Offerings sometimes in the form of young girls to put alive into the well. The role of the well is so important because in the Yucatan Peninsula there is no river. The only source of water when drought hit is from these wells.
The name Chichen Itza means “at the mouth of the springs of the people” in the local Indian language. Thus, Chichen Itza developed into a center of economic governance and Mayan culture.
That said, Chichen Itza is a symbol of worship and science. Chichen Itza was founded by the king of Toltec tribes, named Quetzalcoatl, who came to the Yucatan Peninsula with his troops. At that time, the Mayans already living in that region, then together with Toltec tribe, they began to build temples that resemble a pyramid. Thus, the peak period of Chichen Itza is a mixture of Toltec and Mayan culture.