Lincoln Memorial was built to respect and honor the service and the role of Abraham Lincoln in the history of US politics. Exterior of the Lincoln Memorial imitating ancient Greek temple with Doria style and made of native Colorado Yule marble. Lincoln Memorial was built with an area of 57.8 × 36.1 m with a height of 30 m. From the outside, the building is as stylish pillared verandah surrounded Doria as many as 36 pieces. The pillars symbolizing the 36 states in the United States in the Lincoln. Rear entrance has an array of pillars (kolonade) and two pillars in antis.
These pillars have a 13 m high with a base diameter of 23 m. Each pillar is built of 12 cylindrical stone structure including the mast. The pillars, exterior walls and facades, built somewhat biased toward the interior of the building. On top ranks of pillars (kolonade) on the frieze (ornament at the top of the wall) engraved with the names of the 36 states and the roman numerals indicate the year the merger with the United States. The number is separated by a double wreath medal in engraving prominent. At the top of the frieze, there is a cornice (decoration at the top of the building), which consists of carving scrolls punctuated by a lion’s head and decorative palm fronds at the top edge.
The outside of the attic wall engraved with the name of the 48 states of the United States when Lincoln Memorial was unveiled. On it there is a string necklace with ribbon flowers, palm leaves and wings of an eagle. A plaque in the front yard marks the joining of Alaska and Hawaii with the United States in 1959.
The inside of the Lincoln Memorial is divided into three chambers by two pillars of the Ionian style on the north side and the south side. Each height of 15 m and a diameter of 17 m at the base. Inscriptions second inaugural address written on the walls of the north and the Gettysburg Address on the south wall. Both the speech inscription is framed with pilasters with fases eagle ornament and wreath. Inscriptions and ornamentation is the work of Evelyn Beatrice Longman.
Pilar 36 rods symbolizing the number of states when Lincoln died. 48 garlands on the walls of the attic pillars symbolizing the 48 states of the United States in 1922. Above the second inscription Lincoln’s speech contained mural measuring 18 × 3.7 m works of Jules Guerin, who described the principles of the Lincoln administration. South wall painting a portrait of the concept of freedom, independence, immortality, justice, and law. Pictures of the northern wall depicts the concept of unity, brotherhood and generosity with the background of cypress trees a symbol of eternity. The fresco is drawn using a special paint mixture which contains elements of kerosene and candles to protect artwork from moisture.
Inside the main hall is placed a statue of Lincoln sitting. This statue was carved by Piccirili brothers and supervisor Daniel Chester French. Lincoln statue as high as 5.8 m. This statue is made of carved marble Georgia, the overall weight of 159 tons and had to be transported in 28 separate parts. This statue is placed on a stand rectangular marble Tennessee with a height 3.0 m and a width of 4.9 m and a depth of 5.2 m. Lincoln arm leaning on the chair arm bearing the Roman fases. Rear wall, bordered by two pilasters, one on the left side and one on the right side. Between the two pilasters and on top of Lincoln’s head carved into a work of Royal Cortissoz Epitaph.
The Lincoln Memorial is open to the public every day from 08:00 until 23:45. Except on Christmas Day, the memorial is closed to the public. Visitors do not need to pay admission to get to the Lincoln Memorial. This monument once ranked 7th in the List of America’s Favorite Architecture compiled by the American Institute of Architects and the National Register Historic Places.