Roman Forum, or in Italian “Fora Romano”, is a square surrounded by some ruins at the ancient Roman reign. This square is located in the city center of Rome, Italy, between the Palatine Hill and Capitoline Hill.
History of the Roman Forum began in the ancient Roman Empire, in the 7th century. Forerunners of Roman Forum came from the story of two rivals, Romulus, who controlled the Palatine Hill, and Titus Tatius which controls the Capitoline Hill. After the hostilities between the two is stopped, Romulus and Titus decided to form an alliance or partnership. Because the valley where the Roman Forum is located between the hills of each power (Palatine Hill and Capitolin Hill), then the point is decided as a meeting place and a ceasefire between Romulus and Titus.
Over time, activities such as political speech, hearing, and also the affairs of other countries are taking over space in the Roman Forum, making it not only as an open market like the beginning. Because the needs of the market space is increasing with increasing population, other forums also appear with their respective specialties; such as special selling vegetables, special selling pigs, cows, and other consumer goods.
As the square automatically become the heart of the city, was once the Roman Forum is also surrounded by important buildings owned by the government, such as the senate buildings, palaces, churches, and temples. One of the temples that still exists today is the Temple of Saturn, which was built in 497 BC during the Roman republic. Other temples such as the Temple of Castor and Pollux, is not intact and lived alone in the form of the building structure.