Muslims must have been very familiar with the Holy Land of Mecca, a city which not only sanctified by man, but by God. Allah has made Mecca a haram soil since the creation of the heavens and the earth. Called the “haram” because of the region apply various provisions that are forbidden.
Allah also named the city as Umm Al-Qura or mother of the other cities. Allah even swears in the name of Mecca are the evidences that God had sworn glorify this town with it. Then why and what makes the city of Mecca in the holy city?
Makkah al-Mukarramah (Mecca) has an area of 550 square kilometers with a length of 127 km. This limit has been determined since the decline in orders from the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Abraham about the determination of the region.
Mecca will continue to grow, but the “Land of Haram” opt develop because the limit has been set. The boundaries of the Land of Haram is Tan’im Mosque, Ji’ranah area, Al-Hudaibiyyah, Nakhlah, Adlat Laban, and Ahl al-Haram.
Once the boundaries have been established, Allah then showed the virtues and privileges that are not obtainable in other regions. Since the beginning created, this city is prepared for a variety of sacred relics in it. So the sanctity of what has been given, will remain until the Day of Resurrection.
Why Mecca called the holy city?
1. There is Baitullah, which is a Qibla for Muslims around the world
In this city stands the first building in the world, built as a place to worship Allah. Kaaba is the house of God, which was first established on earth. So it must be maintained sanctity of the things that are forbidden to do in this land. Kaaba development has been done since the time of Prophet Adam. There is also the source said, the Kaaba has been constructed since 2000 years before the Prophet Adam was sent to this earth. Kaaba is located in the Haram Mosque is a place of worship that had to be holy and to be away from forbidden things. That is why God prepared the sacred ground that can maintain the sanctity of the Kaaba.
2. The Birth of the Last Prophet
The city of Mecca prepared by God to be witnesses of the birth of the good man of the whole human being in the universe, that the Prophet Muhammad. The Prophet is undergoing activities in this town and appointed prophet and apostle at age 40 years. The city is also a witness on his appointment to the Prophet when visited by the Angel Gabriel in the cave of Hira which is located a few kilometers north of Mecca. It’s sacred events this only happens in the holy city anyway. At the beginning of his prophethood, the Prophet Muhammad delivered his message in Mecca for 13 years. Because of its holiness, the Prophet Muhammad was so loved the city of Mecca and did not want to leave.
3. There is Haram Mosque, which preferment 100 thousand-fold when compared with other mosque in the world
Haram mosque is the mosque building surrounding the Kaaba. This building is the first to put a place of worship for humans. Many hadiths of the Prophet that says about the virtues of this mosque. One of them says that one prayer in the Haram, virtues such as 100 thousand times prayers in other mosques.
4. Points to perform Hajj
In the city of Mecca, someone will be able to enhance the fifth pillar of Islam, the Hajj. All devout Muslims really dream to visit this holy city. Mecca became the heart of the activities of the pilgrimage. As the town is visited by people from various corners of the world, of course, God prepares his guests in a holy place.
5. Mecca Located in the Midst of the Earth / Center of the Earth
If the above in pastures examine in Islam, it is not fair to the privileges of the city of Mecca is not studied scientifically. Based on research, it turns out city of Mecca is the center of the earth. Experts Fiqh found the fact that there is one day a year in Mecca, where nothing is shaded midday. This shows that the sun was right above the sky Mecca (make a vertical angle of 90 °). To address the phenomenon that was born from various research results, held Scientific Conference titled “Mecca as the Center of the Earth, between Theory and Practice”. Conference held in the Qatari capital in 2009 Doha was concluded at the reference time based on the scientific study of Islam, namely Mecca. The Conference also called on Muslims to change the world for the time reference refers to the Greenwich (GMT).
The virtue of Mecca
1. The city is promising peace for anyone inhabitants. Haram land is promised by God as a place on earth that is filled with a sense of security. Not only for humans, even animals and plants also feel the tranquility.
2. God also promises sustenance so multiplied when staying on the Haram land. It is one of the prayer of Prophet Ibrahim AS which granted it by Allah SWT.
3. The city is also guarded by angels, so avoid slander Dajjal will come out at the end of the age.
The Holy City of Mecca has been always close to the hearts of people who believe that their hearts always tend to theirs. Although it has been repeatedly visited, the heart is always in the eye and felt compelled to go back there. As word of the Prophet Muhammad, the holy city will not guarantee its people holy. So if there are things that injure their chastity, not because Mecca is no longer sacred, but because the people in it do not automatically become holy.