The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most legendary monuments in Europe. Located in the west of Berlin Center, the Brandenburg Gate was inaugurated by King Fredrick William II and was built between the years 1788-1791 by Carl Gotthard Langhans.
The Gate is becoming a symbol of various regimes throughout history, starting with the Prussian Empire and ongoing through Nazi and then communist regime, the Iron Curtain. Currently, the Brandenburg Gate is a symbol of freedom and peace as well as a symbolic witness of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most considerable structures in the world. At first, this structure is part of another structure that forms the entrance gate to Berlin. The gate is located in the west of Berlin Center and just south of the Reichstag building, which is the political center of the Prussian Empire.
Brandenburger Tor, as it is called in German, has also marked the beginning of Under den Linden, a boulevard lined with linden trees that leads to the palace occupied by the Prussian leader. Frederick William II of Prussia, who was the King of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg, commissioned the gate as a symbol of peace.
This gate was designed and built by Carl Gotthard Langhans with three pillars on each side, creating four small entrances and a big entrance in the middle. Statue above the gate called Berlin Quadriga, a sculpture shaped carriage pulled by four horses and driven by Victoria, the Roman goddess of victory.
Victoria was initially carrying garlands of oak leaves, but after the statue was returned to Prussia in 1814, after Napoleon took off and took her to France, a wreath is replaced by the Iron Cross as a symbol of Prussian power. After the Nazis rose to power, the Brandenburg Gate has become a symbol of this party.
After World War II, Germany became divided that triggered the establishment of the Berlin Wall in 1961. At this point, people are no longer allowed to travel through the gate so that the Brandenburg Gate has become a symbol of Soviet oppression.
The Brandenburg Gate is also the location when US President Ronald Reagan delivered his famous speech in 1987 that urged the Soviet President, Mikhail Gorbachev, to tear down the Berlin Wall and uniting Germany. Since the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Brandenburg Gate has become a symbol of peace, freedom and unity of Germany.
The gate has never suffered heavy damage during World War II. Although the government of East Germany and West Germany to work together to fix it, the condition of the Brandenburg Gate remains fully intact back. In 2000, the German government started a restoration project that lasted for two years. Brandenburg Gate inaugurated remodeled and reopened on the 12th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.