Stonehenge is one of the most famous prehistoric monuments and mysterious in the world. A gigantic structure built towards the end of the Stone Age is located in a meadow Salisbury Plain in southeast England. Over the centuries, scientists are trying to understand why Stonehenge was built. This giant rock has long been believed to be home to Druids, priests of ancient Britain, in addition to being a human sacrifice. But the fact is, Stonehenge was completed a thousand years before the Druidic religion growing in the UK. Nevertheless, Stonehenge is still considered to have a lot of ceremonial or religious significance.
At the entrance of the monument, in addition to the placement of certain stones, has made some modern scholars think that Stonehenge was used as a giant device to measure the sky and predict solar and lunar eclipses. Other scientists argue that Stonehenge was a center for healing. But until now, the purpose of the construction of Stonehenge remains a mystery.
Stonehenge was established and rebuilt in three different stages for about 2,000 years. First, the construction of Stonehenge started around 3000 BC in the form of a circular ditch with a mound of dirt on the inside is higher. Inside the mound there are 56 holes now known as Aubrey holes, named after John Aubrey (1626-1697), early researchers of Stonehenge. Outside the northeast entrance placed a season. In 2008, archaeologists determined that the burial took place at Stonehenge, at least at the first 500 years.
Second, the modification of Stonehenge made about 700 years later, around 2300 BC. At this time, the two circles of blue stone pillars placed in the center of the original circle but never completed. The entrance lane, called Avenue, and blue stones are aligned according to the location of the sunrise on the summer solstice.
Third, the construction of Stonehenge started soon after, around 2000 BC, and was built in three stages and ended around 1500 BC. At that time, the shape of Stonehenge already resembles its present form. Large sarsen stones were transported from the Marlborough Downs, 32 kilometers away, and the blue stones were transported from the southeast Wales as far as 450 kilometers by sea and land.
The architects had to supervise all workers who carved stones with a tool made of stone and bone, set up sarsen stones, and build scaffolding to lift the giant arch-shaped door.
Although it is not clear why Stonehenge was created, but it is clear that the builders of the giant stone monument were dedicated to carrying out their work.