Tower of London, which is a common designation for “Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress”, is a historic castle, which is located on the north edge of the river Thames in London, England. Tower of London is one of the most important buildings in the history of the city of London. Mastering this castle is one of the things that are important to the overall control of the city, therefore, this castle is very often attacked by many parties. In the Tower of London, there are armory and a place to store royal treasures, the crown of the king, the Royal Mint and also exotic animals belongs to the kingdom. Tower of London established in 1066 as part of the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy.
At that time, the royal throne in the UK was experiencing a vacancy because of their last king, Edward the Confessor, died without having sons. The royal throne has actually been handed over to the king’s brother in law, namely Harold Godwinson, but William, who is a distant relative was entitled to the throne. Then William invades England and defeated King Harold in the Battle of Hastings. The first thing done by William once was a king is to build a fortress in the city center of London in anticipation of a counterattack from Harold remaining troops and the British people.
This castle construction was completed in 1100. Although the King and Queen often stay in this castle, but the castle’s main function is as a stronghold and refuge. The main residence of the King and Queen are the Palace of Westminster that more luxurious. In the reign of Richard the Lionheart, the castle is undergoing a lot of expansion to further strengthen its defenses, including building a moat 7.5 meters with a depth of 3.4 meters outside the castle. Because at this time, King Richard more to flee the country to participate in the Crusades, the castle, he handed over to the chancellor, William Longchamp.
The first assault on this castle is coming from Prince John, younger brother of the king Richard, who wish to gain the throne. But the back of the castle was taken by King Richard after he returned from the war. The generosity of Richard of Lionheart, Prince John has forgiven, and even appointed to inherit the throne after his death. During the reign of Prince John, there is a lion as a pet in the castle for the first time. In medieval times, the castle was attacked and besieged several times in order to attempt to seize power. One famous story of this castle is the “Princes in the Tower”. Is Prince Edward V and Richard Prince, two young prince who was imprisoned in the castle. After the death of their father, King Edward IV in 1483, the throne should fall to Prince Edward V. But their uncle that Richard III who ascended the throne by reason prince was too young. In the end, both the prince never appeared again.
Aside from being a place of refuge, this castle is often used as a prison. The first detainees were imprisoned in the castle is Ranulf Flambard bishop in 1100, he was hated by the people because it sets too high taxes. In addition, there are many other great figures imprisoned in the castle. One of them is Elizabeth I. Other characters who had also been imprisoned here are Sir Thomas More, Bishop Fisher of Rochester, Mary I and Lady Jean Grey. At that time there was even a term “sent to the Tower” to refer to imprisonment.
During the World War, some of the prisoners of war and German spies are also imprisoned in the castle.They are Rudolf Hess and Josef Jakobs. In the reign of Charles I, a civil war between the monarchy and Parliament. This time, the power over the castle won by the parliament. Losing Tower of London is a crucial factor that led to the fall of Charles I from the throne. During the restoration of the monarchy, the Tower of London used as the Office of Ordnance. Most of the castle is then used as shops and offices. But in 1855, those offices relocated and left the castle. This is due to the increased public interest in the history of the Tower of London.
Was Anthony Salvin, an architect who led the renovation of the castle to restore the castle into a form as ever. In the 19th century, the number of visitors who come to this castle has increased dramatically. At the end of the regime of Queen Victoria I in 1901, more than half a million people visit the castle every year. Today, the Tower of London is one of the historic buildings are the main attraction for tourists from all over the world. There are many interesting places and things that can be seen from the Tower of London. But most of all, of course, is the White Tower. White Tower, the main building of the Tower of London, has a beautiful exterior architecture and magnificent. Inside the tower there is White Chapel of St. John from the 11th century with a beautiful interior.
In the exhibition “Fit for a King” we are going to see a show that displays various types of armor used by kings and knights in earlier times, complete with helmets, swords along with his horse statue. The Medieval Palace, located in the castle is room for the king and queen, of course, the room is decorated with amazing decor and interior. But the most precious treasure contained here is the Crown or a king’s crown. At the Crown Jewel Exhibition, visitors can see for themselves how wonderful the king’s crown studded with gemstones such. Several other crowns and scepter that was shown was The Coronation Spoon, The Sovereign’s Sceptre with Cross, St Edward’s Crown, and The Imperial State Crown. When visiting the Tower of London, do not forget to meet with the Yeoman Warders. They are the guardians of the kingdom, commonly referred to as “the Beefeaters”. They would tell me stories about the castle, assault, imprisonment, execution and others. The bodyguards are people who are friendly and full of smiles, do not hesitate to invite them photographed together as a memento.
Tower of London is located in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. To get to this point, we can use the subway “District” or “Circle Line” heading to the Tower Hill station. From the station it takes only about 5 minutes walk to get to the gate of the castle. Can also use bus transportation using lines 15, 42, 78, 100 and RV 1. The admission fee is charged for adults is £ 20,90. While for children under 16 years are charged £ 10,45. Tickets can be purchased on the spot. But if we buy tickets online, the ticket price will be cheap at £ 18 for adults and £ 9 for children.
Tickets can be booked online through website pages (https://ticketslive.hrp.org.uk/hrp/b2c/index.cfm/calendar/eventCode/TADM) or via telephone with number 0844 482 7799 (local UK) or +44 (0) 20 3166 6000 (from outside the UK). Online tickets can be used one week after booking. Tower of London can be visited on a Tuesday-Saturday at 09:00 to 17:00 and Sunday-Monday at 10:00 to 16:30. Address: London EC3N 4AB, United Kingdom Phone: 0844 482 7777 http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerOfLondon/Tickets can be booked online through website pages (https://ticketslive.hrp.org.uk/hrp/b2c/index.cfm/calendar/eventCode/TADM) or via telephone number 0844 482 7799 (local UK) or +44 (0) 20 3166 6000 (from outside the UK). Online tickets can be used one week after booking. Tower of London can be visited on a Tuesday-Saturday at 09:00 to 17:00 and Sunday-Monday at 10:00 to 16:30. Address: London EC3N 4AB, United Kingdom Phone: 0844 482 7777 http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerOfLondon/