Los Glaciares National Park is located in the mountainous area in the southern Andean Cordillera are covered with snow with some glaciers of Patagonia ice fields. Frozen region that surrounds half of the area of Los Glaciares National Park that has a total glacier empties into the Atlantic basin.
The sheets of ice that extends far to the north is due to the natural conditions of the circuit Andes. West wind with high humidity rises from the Atlantic Ocean in the area with colder temperatures. A set of water vapor is then condensed and fell to hail in the area dominated by the white snow.
In the eastern part of Los Glaciares National Park is also a stretch of ice-free area in the pre-Andean zone up in the middle of Lake Argentino, in which the region is then connected to the steppes of Patagonia. Variety of types of vegetation that grows in the Patagonia also significantly reflect striking differences from both the geographical zones. Mountainsides covered by rain forest zone “Patagonian-Magellan” dominated by grasslands “tussock” swaying due west wind gusts that constantly blows and sometimes accompanied by storms.
Los Glaciares declared as a national park in 1937. The extent of almost 600,000 hectares covering most areas with some snowy mountain glaciers. Two of its biggest glacier are the Upsala with an area of 595 km² and Viedma with an area of 575 km².
This area seemed limitless, rows of hills that slope is a relic of the Ice Age that sculpted by giant glaciers. Its glacial activity is concentrated on the two main lakes, namely Lake Argentino and Lake Viedma, which are the center of an ancient glacial activity and flows into the Atlantic Ocean through the Santa Cruz River.
Moreno glacier is the most attractive glaciers in the Andean region. A strong boost from a series of frozen ice sheet while passing through the narrow channel of Lake Argentino, resulting in the channel becomes unstoppable and separating the Gulf Rico as high as 25 meters.
The area of Moreno glaciers also constantly growing every year. Part of dams that form unusually large tunnel, two days later will usually collapse by itself. Moreno glacier is just one of 47 giant ice chunks that can be found in the Los Glaciares National Park. The Upsala and Viedma galciers are the two largest glaciers in this national park.
Los Glaciares National Park presents a natural scenery is hard to be understood logically. An iceberg floats featuring the magical scenery with blue and white color that sparkling reflect of sunlight of the tropics. The giant ice sheets could “wail” and “moo” when parts of it began to experience a process of separation, before finally plunging into the lake. When these events occur, the giant ice avalanches body plunged into the lake, forming a giant wave before chunks of ice pops back above the water surface of the lake, into small icebergs.
Although this region has been declared a national park in 1937, but the Los Glaciares National Park recently attracted the attention of explorers in the last decade. The explorers who greatly admired the frozen area with a range of peaks towering mountains and panoramic breadth of the horizon, it is definitely going to tether their heart in this place.
For those of you who are interested in visiting the region that is rich in the ice fields, you can follow it by land or air from Buenos Aires. With a landline, you have to walk along the Sea March Argentina that will take you discover major cities such as Bahia Blanca, Trelew a Comodoro Rivadavia. While the airline, can be reached by regular flights from the El Calafate International Airport, Buenos Aires. Another option is from the International Airport in Río Gallegos, 320 Km from El Calafate.